Do you want to get a loan to buy a house, and get cash for repairs?
That’s exactly what the FHA 203k Loan Program is all about.
In this article we are going to go over everything you need to know about 203k loans. Where to find them. How to qualify. The differences in a standard and streamline 203k loan. Which types of homes qualify, and more.
What is a 203k loan?
A 203k loan is a type of home renovation loan that includes both the cost of buying a home and the renovation costs. It is given to those who choose to rehab a damaged or older home. This home purchase and renovation loan is backed by the Federal Housing Administration and funded by 203k mortgage lenders. There are two types of FHA 203k renovation loans available, standard and streamline. We will explain the differences and go over the pros and cons.
7 Reasons Why you Should Get an FHA 203k Loan
- Low 3.5% downpayment requirement
- 640+ credit scores qualify
- Lower interest rates than traditional loans
- Get extra cash to make cosmetic repairs
- Streamline 203k has a low minimum loan amount
- Borrow money to make mortgage payments for up to 6 months
- Get cash for major repairs with standard 203k loans
Disadvantages of 203k loans
- Must hire professional licensed contractors (no diy repairs)
- No eligible for investment properties
- Requires mortgage insurance premiums
- Extended closing times
- Construction consultant required
- Some lenders do not offer them
- Labor and time intensive
Standard vs Streamline 203k Mortgages
A standard 203k mortgage is for more extensive renovation projects, like structural repairs in which you are not able to occupy the home during construction. The other type is a streamline FHA 203k loan, which is for cosmetic repairs requiring up to $35,000 in funds.
A purchase contract will be the same as any other only you will want to add that it is contingent on you getting approved for a 203k home loan.
Streamline FHA 203k Mortgage
You used to have to get 2 separate loans to purchase a home and make cosmetic changes or repairs. With streamline 203k home loans you can now buy a home, and borrow money for repairs and have just one mortgage payment. A streamline 203k refinance eliminates quite a bit of paperwork that is required for a standard 203k mortgage making it simpler process.
An appraiser will give you a list of recommended repairs, and in some cases required repairs. You will get a bid from a contractor and pass it along to your lender. You will have a time frame to have the repairs completed for the final appraisal. Once the construction is complete you will be ready for closing.
Type of work allowed:
- Roof repair, gutters, downspouts
- Existing HVAC systems
- Electrical and Plumbing systems
- Basement waterproofing
- Repair, replace or add exterior decks, patios, porches
- Window and door replacement and exterior siding
- Septic and/or well repair or replacement
- Improvements for accessibility
- Lead-based paint stabilization or abatement of lead-based paint hazards
Standard 203k Loans
Just like a streamline 203k, standard 203k loans allow you to get one loan for both the purchase of a home, and the cost of the repairs. Standard 203k mortgages are for homes that require major renovations, there is no limit for the amount of cash you’re able to receive to repairs.
There is more intensive paperwork requirements for standard 203k loans. Buyers will not be permitted to occupy the property. However, you are allowed to add up to 6 months of mortgage payments into the loan. You will have a construction consultant that is assigned to oversea the work that is needed. The amount of additional paperwork and time involved in these types of loans often discourage many lenders from offering them.
Type of work allowed:
- Major rehabilitation, such as the relocation of a load-bearing wall
- New construction, including room additions
- Repair of structural damage
- Repairs requiring detailed drawings or architectural exhibits
- Landscaping or similar “site amenity” improvement
- Any repair requiring a work schedule longer than three (3) months; or rehabilitation activities that require more than two (2) payments per specialized contractor
- Improvements that require a plan reviewer
- Improvements that result in work not starting within 30 days after loan closing; or cause the owner to be displaced from the property for more than 30 days during the time the rehabilitation work is being conducted
203k Refinance Loan
You can refinance your current mortgage into a 203k loan and get the extra cash to make repairs and renovations. The same rules apply to streamline and limited 203k loans. Instead of having to borrow money on a credit card or taking out high interest loans for home renovations. With a 203k refinance you can get the money for repairs and roll the costs into your mortgage.
203k PowerSaver Grant – Cash Back for Energy Efficient Improvements
In 2011 the Federal Housing Administration began the new FHA PowerSaver grant. The program will pay up to 1% of the origination fee or closing costs for borrowers who send at least $3,500 on eligible energy efficient improvements. This equals roughly an average of a $2,000 refund on 203k loans. Get more information on the PowerSaver Grant on their website.
203k Loan Requirements
The home must meet FHA requirements, but the purchaser also needs to meet the criteria set by the Federal Housing Administration to qualify.
- You must choose an FHA-approved lender.
- 640 minimum credit score.
- Solid employment history
- No late payments in the past 12 months
- No bankruptcies or foreclosures within the past 36 months
- Proof of income
- Two years of tax returns
- 3.5% Downpayment
While buying a home that needs renovations can usually mean a good deal. You should really think about the drawbacks of these types of loans. They will take up much of your time and can often drag on for several months. If you’re patient and have the extra time to spend overseeing the repairs and dealing with contractors it could be well worth it. In the end, you will have a home that is livable and suits your needs once you’ve completed the repairs.
Are you thinking about purchasing a home that needs work before you can live in it? If so, talk to a lender about the possibility of getting a 203k rehab loan. To start the process, fill out the convenient form on our home page. The 203k Lenders in our network will offer loan options that you can compare and choose to make your home ownership dreams come true.