How to Dispute your Credit Report with the Credit Bureaus

Your credit report is one of the most important things impacting people’s financial life. If you have a low credit score, you will have a hard time getting approved for credit.

You may have to rent because you can’t get approved for a mortgage. Your interest rates on accounts you can obtain will be much higher than the average person.

Bad credit can cost you tens of thousands of dollars over the course of your life.

What can you do?

Check your report for discrepancies—dispute errors, and negative items on your report. Add more positive history to your report.

This is the same advice you’ll find anywhere. In this article, we’re going to drive into detail on exactly how to check your credit, dispute negative accounts, and ways to add positive payment history in a hurry.

How does disputing your credit report work?

The Fair Credit Billing Act (FCBA) allows us, as consumers, to dispute anything on our credit report we believe, is inaccurate. All three major Credit Bureaus, Transunion, Experian, and Equifax, have to launch an investigation into the disputed accounts. By law, they have 30 days to validate the information with the creditor or collection agency, or they have to delete it and send you the dispute results.

This is the main thing credit repair companies do for their clients. It is effective; even if the accounts you are disputing are accurate collection accounts, they are removed at a fairly decent percentage.

Get copies of your credit reports and scores

You can get a free copy of your credit report and credit score from Credit Karma, Credit Sesame, and WalletHub. You don’t have to pay anything to get updated copies of your credit reports and scores from these sites. Get the app or go to the websites to access the reports.

It’s best to print out a copy of each report so you can highlight each item to want to dispute. However, it’s not required. You can dispute your credit report online or by phone; you don’t need to mail your disputes anymore.

Decide which accounts you want to dispute

Go over all of the account information and make sure there aren’t any errors, such as late payments, accounts you don’t recognize, etc. If you notice any errors or anything that may be incorrect, you will want to mark it to be disputed.

Can I dispute accounts that are correct?

Yes. Even if an account is correct, you can still dispute it. Of course, you will only want to dispute negative accounts. And yes, you can get accurate accounts removed from your credit report. The creditor will have to validate that the account belongs to you and is correct. Otherwise, the Credit Bureau has to remove it.

How to dispute your credit report with the Credit Bureaus

Now that you know exactly which items you will be disputing on each credit report. You will need to file the disputes with the Credit Bureaus directly. There are several ways you can do this now, by mail, phone, online, or through the Credit Karma app. However, with Credit Karma, you can only dispute with Equifax and TransUnion, so you will still need to use another channel to dispute with Experian.

Sample credit dispute letters

Credit Bureau Dispute Information

TransUnion LLC
Consumer Dispute Center
P.O. Box 2000
Chester, PA 19016

Transunion dispute tips


Phone: 800-916-8800 – 8am-11pm EST

Experian Dispute
P.O. Box 4500
Allen, TX 75013

Experian dispute tips


Phone: (714) 830-7000

Equifax Information Services LLC
P.O. Box 740256
Atlanta, GA 30374

Equifax dispute tips


Phone: (800) 846-5279

What reason should I give as to why I am disputing an account?

If the account you are disputing is accurate, you have to be truthful. If the account is actually accurate, you can use any reason, just claim that it’s not yours or don’t recognize it. You can dispute all of the negative items at once if you want.

You don’t want to tell them or give the impression that you are disputing accurate items, just hoping to get them removed. If they suspect you are, they will mark your dispute as frivolous.

What to do if an account isn’t removed

If you have disputed a negative item or account and it doesn’t get removed. You can dispute it again. Sometimes there may be a 4 month waiting period.

But what if an account keeps getting validated?

Pay for Delete Letter

You can negotiate what’s called a pay for delete with the collection agencies. This is an agreement where they agree to remove the account if you pay the amount due. This is important because if you pay a collection account and the creditor updates the status to paid, it will not improve your scores. Only having a negative account completely removed will help increase your credit score.

Negotiate a settlement

Normally I would not recommend paying a collection account if the creditor won’t remove it because it won’t help your score. But, paying may help your odds of having that account removed when you dispute it.

If you don’t owe the creditor any money and the account is paid, they have nothing to gain by validating it. And since these collection agencies get tons of disputes, they may ignore the paid ones.

It’s a fairly simple process. By following the advice in this article, you can dispute your credit report with success.